WORLD OF MEDIA-2023. ISSUE №4
World of Media-2023. Journal of Russian Media and Journalism Studies. Issue №4.
The issue was published in 2023 by the Faculty of Journalism, Lomonosov Moscow State University.
Anikina, M., Krasheninnikova, M., & Vyrkovsky, A. (2023). Structural characteristics of social media presentation of diverse conflicts: Prospects for modeling. World of Media. Journal of Russian Media and Journalism Studies, 4: 5–26. DOI: 10.30547/worldofmedia.4.2023.1
The presentation of social conflicts on online platforms remains one of the most important scientific problems because of its direct interconnection to the offline social processes. This article presents the results of the research of two social conflicts – Nagorno-Karabakh problem, and the construction of the Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline – coverage in Russian segment of social networks. Study revealed that there is no direct relationship between the intensification of actions within a conflict situation and their media presentation from the structural point of view. Professional journalistic principles and approaches play a significant role in determining the nature of conflict coverage on online platforms. Generally, it seems more likely that the single model for the presentation of different types of social conflicts on online platforms is utilized. This model has an institutional basis – the individual or group level of understanding conflicts is not so clearly manifested.
Key words: Social conflicts, social networks, online platforms, media presentation, coverage, model, structure, institutions
Escudero, C. (2023). Argentine journalists producing news during COVID-19: Stress and job satisfaction. World of Media. Journal of Russian Media and Journalism Studies, 4: 28–47. DOI: 10.30547/worldofmedia.4.2023.2
The COVID-19 pandemic proved to have a more significant impact in developing countries like Argentina: as social inequalities increased, vaccination was delayed, and lockdowns were extended. Argentina had one of the strictest and longest lockdowns in the world: from March 20 to November 9, 2020. Despite most of the activities being suspended or reduced, the number of new cases grew steadily, and journalism was one of the professions that remained active throughout this exceptional period. This study explores how Argentine journalists were challenged during the pandemic regarding their emotional health, stress and job dissatisfaction. For this investigation, a survey of Argentine journalists (n=50) was conducted focusing on stress, occupational stress, and job satisfaction measurement scales; in addition, two editors (from a newspaper and a news agency) were interviewed. The findings indicate that their constant exposure to the pandemic, accompanied by feelings of uncertainty, left them with no room to assess their well-being. The results show three primary aspects related to compassion fatigue: emotional exhaustion (closely related to anxiety), difficulty falling asleep, and headaches.
Key words: Anxiety, Argentina, compassion fatigue, job dissatisfaction, journalists, occupational stress, pandemic
Frolova, T., Ilchenko, D., & Striga, E. (2023). Media representation of the technologies of the fourth industrial revolution: Russian business media practice (2017-2021). World of Media. Journal of Russian Media and Journalism Studies, 4: 48–68. DOI: 10.30547/worldofmedia.4.2023.3
The article studies specific topical and thematic features of representation of technology innovations in 2017-2021 in Russian leading business print and online magazines: Expert, Profile, Inc. Russia, and Sekret Firmy. The study showed that information technologies are the main topic of scientific and technological discourse in business media. Moreover, the emphasis is on artificial intelligence technology, blockchain and distributed ledger technology, and cybersecurity. The authors of online business magazines mostly focus on the representation of achievements, challenges, and future development of the IT industry. In addition to the IT sector, print business media also cover other high-tech areas, including those traditionally developed in Russia: space technologies, developments in energy generation, storage and transmission, and advanced materials and innovations in the agro-industrial complex. This approach appears to be more consistent with the objectives of scientific and technological development of the economy and social sphere.
Key words: Business media, business journalism, media representation, digital economy, technology innovation, scientific and technological development
Gureeva, A., & Kireeva, P. (2023). Mediatized by policy and demediatized in practice: Representation of Russian youth policy in the social media accounts of the authorities. World of Media. Journal of Russian Media and Journalism Studies, 4: 69–90. DOI: 10.30547/worldofmedia.4.2023.4
This paper examines how well the government agencies responsible for the implementation of specific areas of national youth policy in Russia manage to cover this topic on their social media resources, and identifies relevant trends for the space where the state and youth communicate. The results of our qualitative and quantitative content analysis of posts showed that the topic of youth policy does not receive proper coverage on the agencies’ own social media accounts. Most often, youth policy is discussed in the context of covering events for young Russians. In addition, much attention is paid to documenting meetings of government officials to discuss issues within their areas of competence. At the same time, reports on specific government measures to support young people, current initiatives, and success stories of young Russians who take an active part in the development and implementation of the country’s youth policy rarely get published on the agencies’ accounts. The potential of the format for discussing youth policy in an open dialog on equal terms with the audience has yet to be tapped into. We believe it is possible to view the identified features of the communication strategies of the agencies as manifested demediatization of interaction between the state and youth.
Key words: Mediatization, demediatization, state, youth, youth policy, social media
Ndinojuo, B-C. E., & Ikems, K. C. (2023). Visualizing environmental reporting in Nigerian newspapers. World of Media. Journal of Russian Media and Journalism Studies, 4: 91–116. DOI: 10.30547/worldofmedia.4.2023.5
The study analyzed environmental news content in Leadership and The Punch newspapers from May 1, 2019, to July 31, 2020. The study aimed to determine the images used in news reporting about the environment based on the salient features they embody in the news. The findings revealed 151 articles about the environment while 117 contained images, split between Leadership (52) and The Punch (65) newspapers, indicating their prominence in environmental reporting. While some of the utilized images in the news reports captured the impact on the environment (air, land, and water) and its inhabitants, pictures of politicians were the most featured ones. The information/awareness theme was dominant, demonstrating a development communication perspective. The study also established a notable use of the “Health” theme, implying a connection between health and the environment, predominantly because of COVID-19.
Key words: Environmental communication, photography, infographics, content analysis
Oleshko, V., Mukhina, O., & Malik, O. (2023). Using propaganda methods and markers in modern user-generated content: An example of a discussion on COVID-19 vaccination in the Telegram chat. World of Media. Journal of Russian Media and Journalism Studies, 4: 117–134. DOI: 10.30547/worldofmedia.4.2023.6
Over the last few decades, there have been several generations that can be called “digital”. While older people may not ignore traditional media, younger generations receive information mainly or completely from the internet and new media. These new media platforms are not only means of mass media and communication, but also a convenient tool for propaganda, which is used by their users themselves. In the era of digital media, users are no longer only objects but also subjects. One of the most controversial topics of 2021 was the problem of vaccination against COVID-19. Representatives of the mass audience were instantly divided into “vaccinated” and “COVID dissidents.” Using the Telegram discussion chat of the Ural Federal University as an example of this phenomenon, the authors analyze propaganda methods used by both sides in this kind of confrontation. As research methods, we used content analysis of chat messages, as well as a survey of its participants. Many participants in the chat discussion accused each other of propaganda. Therefore, we decided to find out whether the propaganda was really obvious to the majority of subscribers, and what type of propaganda (coming from vaccination supporters or opponents) was noticed by the subscribers. Vaccination against the coronavirus infection remains a highly debatable issue that needs to be addressed. We show that an open and honest discussion, without the use of propaganda methods, is required to build confidence when addressing any forms and methods of mass vaccination in modern social practice.
Key words: Propaganda, user-generated content, propaganda methods, manipulation, vaccination, COVID-19