WORLD OF MEDIA-2023. ISSUE №3
World of Media-2023. Journal of Russian Media and Journalism Studies. Issue №3.
The issue was published in 2023 by the Faculty of Journalism, Lomonosov Moscow State University.
Jamil, S., & Alazrak, N. (2023). Media and Information Literacy Education: Exploring the gaps in curriculum development at the Egyptian universities. World of Media. Journal of Russian Media and Journalism Studies, 3: 5-24. DOI: 10.30547/worldofmedia.3.2023.1
The need for Media and Information Literacy Education is critical in digital age, especially when people are increasingly vulnerable to disinformation, misinformation, hate speech, and diverse digital risks. This study specifically looks at the case of Egypt because qualitative academic research into Media and Information Literacy (MIL) curriculum development is limited in the country. Therefore, drawing on Tyler’s model of curriculum development, this study explores the key gaps in the curriculum development of media and information literacy at the higher educational institutions in Egypt in four key areas including: objective planning, students’ learning experiences, organization of these experiences and overall evaluation of MIL courses. In doing so, this study uses the qualitative method of in-depth interviews and offers a deductive thematic analysis of findings.
Key words: Media and Information Literacy, pedagogy, curriculum development, Egyptian higher educational institutions
Dunas, D., Babyna, D., Salikhova, E., & Gladkova, A. (2023). ‘Digital youth’ agenda in social media: The study of popular Russian platforms. World of Media. Journal of Russian Media and Journalism Studies, 3: 26-40. DOI: 10.30547/ worldofmedia.3.2023.2
This study pays close attention to the agenda of the most popular social media public pages among digital youth. It was revealed that the key ideas contained in community publications are in line with the contemporary Russian state ideological course and traditional culture. Among the values promoted by the communities, historical memory, family, patriotism, protection of the weak and economic growth are prominent. The study of the media geographic agenda shows that events taking place inside Russia are most widely covered, while international news is of interest to young people only if it is relevant to Russians. Culture and humor are among the most frequent topics of publications.
Key words: Agenda-setting, social media, media culture, ‘digital youth’, Telegram, media geography
Islam, M. A., Das, A., & Tabassum, M. (2023). Factors affecting trust in news media among young people in Bangladesh. World of Media. Journal of Russian Media and Journalism Studies, 3: 41-68. DOI: 10.30547/worldofmedia.3.2023.3
Public trust in news media has been declining worldwide in past few decades. This phenomenon is no exception to the case of news media in Bangladesh. Although the notions of trust occupy much space in the public debates, academic discussions and scholarships of the news media and its role in society, the relationship with its audience, and sustainability, there is little work on the topic in the context of the country. Against this backdrop, this study examined the factors that influence trust in news media among young people in the country. A total of 430 individuals from rural and urban areas took part in this study through a web-based questionnaire survey. The findings of the study reveal that the level of trust in news media among the young is very low; males tend to have less trust compared to females, and people living in urban areas have less trust in news media compared to rural areas. Overall, the factors such as political biases in news content, biases toward media owners’ business interests, lack of accuracy in news content, poor writing, editing and storytelling; lack of use of reliable sources, providing unimportant/irrelevant news, and the tendency of sensationalizing news and information affect trust in news media. We conclude that the low trust in news media and journalists is alarming for democracy and the sustainability of the news media industry of the country.
Key words: Trust, credibility, news media, media trust, Bangladesh
Lobodenko, L., Krasavina, A., Cheredniakova, A., Shesterkina, L., Sosnovskikh, E., & Lobodenko, N. (2023). Media effects and the impact of fake and anti-fake news on youth audiences: The use of eye-tracking technologies. World of Media. Journal of Russian Media and Journalism Studies, 3: 69-98. DOI: 10.30547/ worldofmedia.3.2023.4
This paper analyzes media effects of fake and anti-fake journalistic materials and their impact on youth audiences. The paper deals with fake news as a relevant problem of the modern information society and defines the term “anti- fake” as a way to combat Internet fakes. A sample of fake and anti-fake news was formed from 100 informational political materials. The selected media texts were marked as “fake” and “anti-fake”. The research was based on the main provisions of the cognitive approach in the investigation of media effects within the framework of interrelated models: agenda-setting and framing (analysis of the content and form of presenting information). The main results of the research identified the key patterns of the respondents’ attention and areas of interest (“image”, “text”), as well as their attitude to the proposed stimuli. The research was based on eye-tracking and a survey. The results showed that anti-fake and fake news attract the respondents’ attention; however, anti-fake materials have the maximum impact on the respondents in terms of the number of fixations on the stimulus, the level of memorability, and the level of credibility. “Fake” and “anti-fake” warning labels affect significantly the perception process.
Key words: Media effects, framing, agenda-setting, fake, anti-fake, youth audiences