WORLD OF MEDIA-2023. ISSUE №2
World of Media-2023. Journal of Russian Media and Journalism Studies. Issue №2.
The issue was published in 2023 by the Faculty of Journalism, Lomonosov Moscow State University.
Pandey, U. S. (2023). Motivated skepticism as a formative factor for credibility measures of television news in India: A Structural Equation Modeling approach. World of Media. Journal of Russian Media and Journalism Studies, 2: 5-24. DOI: 10.30547/worldofmedia.2.2023.1
Trustworthiness, accuracy and believability are the most common indicators of news credibility measures. The impact of selective exposure, i.e. audience choosing content similar to their beliefs, on News Credibility is generally not considered in this context. This paper suggests that perceptions of News Credibility are influenced by selective exposure. This means people judge attitude-consistent content and sources as more credible. One explanation for selective exposure is ‘Motivated Skepticism’: we define a five-item construct for this construct. We hypothesize a Structural Equation Model with the latent construct Motivated Skepticism as a formative factor for News Credibility estimation of Indian television news channels. An online survey of 351 respondents from two Indian cities measures the goodness-of-fit and construct validity of the hypothesized SEM model. News Credibility is reported as a two- factor, second-order structure measured by Message Attributes and Channel Attributes, with Motivated Skepticism as a formative factor.
Key words: News Credibility, selective exposure, Indian television channels, Motivated Skepticism, SEM
Vartanova, E., Gladkova, A., & Dunas, D. (2023). Media representations of social conflicts: Identifying theoretical foundations for typology. World of Media. Journal of Russian Media and Journalism Studies, 2: 26-45. DOI: 10.30547/worldofmedia.2.2023.2
The paper suggests integrated theoretical foundations for systemizing media representations of social conflicts and defining major roles attributed to media coverage of conflicts in current academic research. Using theoretical modeling, we identify the main types of social conflicts identified by Russian and foreign scholars, which is essential for revealing diverse media representations of conflicts. Then we show the key variables used by Russian and foreign media scholars to categorize the roles played by media in representation of conflicts, and discuss the results within broader media conflictology paradigm.
Key words: Social conflicts, media conflictology, media representations, theoretical modeling
Atabek, G. S., & Atabek, Ü. (2023). Representing the guests: How Russians are portrayed in Antalya local media. World of Media. Journal of Russian Media and Journalism Studies, 2: 46-63. DOI: 10.30547/worldofmedia.2.2023.3
Antalya is a destination favoured by the citizens of the Russian Federation not only for tourism but also for settlement in Turkey. As the Russian tourist and resident population increases in number, the interest of the Antalya local media to Russians increases too. In this study, we examine how Russians are portrayed in Antalya local media by employing quantitative and qualitative methods. Russian representations in two local online newspapers were analysed using the content and frame analysis methodologies. The findings reveal that the number of stories presentation of Russians have increased over the historical process. The sentiments for the Russians were generally positive in the news stories. In addition, Russians were framed mostly as tourists, residents and artists- athletes. It is concluded that Antalya local media use an attentive language for representing the Russians in the news stories.
Key words: Russians, Antalya, representation, portrayal, image, local media, content analysis
Anisimov, I., Vyrkovsky, A., Zuykina, K., Razumova, D., & Trishchenko, N. (2023). Domestic scientific media discourse in academic journals: Structural analysis. World of Media. Journal of Russian Media and Journalism Studies, 2: 64-85. DOI: 10.30547/worldofmedia.2.2023.4
The article presents the results of meta-research devoted to the study of domestic scientific discourse in academic journals in the field of journalism and mass communications. The empirical basis of the study was formed from an array of articles published in journals indexed in the RSCI and Web of Science Core Collection (WoS CC) databases in the period of 2015–2021. The authors analyzed more than 18 thousand articles, determined the quantitative indicators of published materials; marked the most significant research centers engaged in academic research in the field of journalism and mass communications (Lomonosov Moscow State University, Saint Petersburg State University); and reviewed the largest number of publications (Elena Vartanova, Olga Smirnova, Andrey Vyrkovsky). The most relevant thematic clusters in domestic media studies were also identified. For journals indexed in the RSCI, these are the digital media environment, the history of Russian journalism and literature, and media linguistics. For journals indexed by WoS, this is the digital media environment, as well as political topics, media linguistics and media theory.
Key words: Scientific communication, scientific journal, citation rate, scientific discourse, Web of Science, eLibrary
Kussy, M., & Savchenko, L. (2023). The system of actor’s individual paradigms an an attribute of social communications. World of Media. Journal of Russian Media and Journalism Studies, 2: 86-103. DOI: 10.30547/worldofmedia.2.2023.5
The article proves that semantics in social research is a category subject only to contextual and situational analysis and further contextual filling with meaning through actors’ situational communication. The article considers the category ‘system of actor’s individual paradigms’, which is presented here as an attribute of social communications. Using this category (taking into account current expectations of the actor, current preferences of the for all actors, as well as actors’ current anticipated intentions for each actor involved in communication), we examined the mechanisms of preparing two actors for the future communication. The assumptions made in the article as for limitations of the behavioral freedom of actors, preparing for communication, allow us to focus on proving the relevance of the hypothesis that the system of individual paradigms of the actor is a tool with which actor contextually and situationally cognizes the world and reflexively interacts with it. We reveal that in the conditions of interdisciplinary research, when ontological and methodological ‘norms’ of a particular scientific discipline are not constructive enough, which, in turn, leads to mixing and distortion of the methodology and ontology of various scientific disciplines, the choice of abduction as a methodological research tool seems quite justified. The results of the research, conducted in the article by means of abduction (as a methodological research tool) confirm the relevance and validity of the hypotheses put forward in the article. The results of the research conducted in the article specify the situational-contextual mechanisms that are used in preparation for communication between two actors with the aid of a system of each actor’s individual paradigms, and taking into account actors’ current expectations, actors’ current preferences, as well as the current anticipated intentions of each actor. We also confirm the importance of mandatory use of the adjective ‘current’ for the correctness of the study of actors’ communications, since it really concretizes the actual semantics of the paradigms used by actors (in preparation for communication) for their relevant consideration in the research conducted in the article.