WORLD OF MEDIA-2019. ISSUE №1
World of Media-2019. Journal of Russian Media and Journalism Studies. Issue №1.
The issue was published in 2019 by the Faculty of Journalism, Lomonosov Moscow State University.
Vartanova, E., Cherevko, T., Tolokonnikova, A., & Dunas, D. (2019) Changing patterns of digital news consumption among Russian journalism students // World of Media. Journal of Russian Media and Journalism Studies, 1: 7-31.
The authors examine features attributed to consumption of news on the Internet by young and active residents of Moscow – students of the Faculty of Journalism at the Lomonosov Moscow State University. The empirical data was based on ‘news diaries’ filled in by students in the course of a week between February 15, 2016 and February 21, 2016, 40 people in total. Authors analyze users’ behavior on the web, specifically their interest in various news resources and links to news publications posted on social websites. The article figures out the contemporary academic approaches to news production, distribution and consumption in the digital environment. The study explores media consumption of young Russians who belong to the ‘digital natives’ generation. The collected through the empirical research data is proved by the current theoretical approaches to online news consumption process. This article describes the present-day role of the Internet and digital media in the Russian media system to provide context for this analysis.
Key words: News content, agenda, digital media, Russian media studies, online news consumption, Internet, Russian students, digital natives
Shamala R., Devadas M.B., & Barclay, F. P. (2019) Glocalised-television content: Interaction with local cultures and impact on audience perceptions // World of Media. Journal of Russian Media and Journalism Studies, 1: 33-49.
Glocalisation as a fallout of globalisation has received a lot of theoretical and empirical attention in the past few decades. Though the concept of globalisation was much evident and propagated through television in the streaming of foreign content on local networks, that content soon had to be given local flavours to captivate the local audience. Examining whether the global content just got a local twist or propagated an amalgamation amounting to novel cultures is the primary focus of the present study. Though it is evident that glocalised television content (intentionally or unintentionally) brought about significant changes in mass attitude, lifestyle and behavior, it needs to be empirically analysed and understood. Using a survey of 200 Indian-urban youth, the study measures the cultural impact of glocalised television content. This apart, the study analyses content and growth of television channels, viewing patterns of urban youth, the motivation behind using the medium, degree of attitudinal change and also the perceptional impacts on local cultural dimensions.
Key words: Globalisation, glocalisation, television, cultural impact, attitudinal change.
Pakistan’s journalists confront fatal safety risks in the line of their duty and are at the mercy of various types of pressure and extremist groups that threaten, kidnap and even murder them with almost total impunity. Despite the growing violence against journalists in Pakistan, there is a dearth of national academic studies that offer insights into threats to journalists’ safety and the country’s rampant culture of impunity. Therefore, using the system theory, this study explores Pakistan’s issues of impunity and threats to journalists’ safety in conflict and non-conflict situations. The study also analyses the country’s laws for the protection of journalists’ rights to freedom of expression, access to information, online and offline safety, fair trial and equal pay-scales. In addition, the study unpacks the journalists’ lived experiences of safety risks in Pakistan and their perceptions regarding the country’s culture of impunity. To achieve these objectives, this study uses the qualitative methods of document review and indepth interviews (face-to-face). Moreover, the study uses thematic analysis to analyse the gathered data.
Key words: Impunity, safety risks, journalists’ protection, legal system.
Ribeiro, F. (2019) From interaction possibilities to real engagement: Paradoxes of media participation and the case of Banda Ampla, from the public Catalan television TV3 // World of Media. Journal of Russian Media and Journalism Studies, 1: 67-81.
The concept of citizens’ participation in everyday life has strong roots in the ancient Greek culture, commonly accepted as the birth of the occidental civilization. Especially from the 4th century BC to the 5th AD, assemblies and public opinion courts were part of this democratic ecosystem, where citizens could express their views on current topics. Inspired by the typical starting expression of such reunions – ‘Who would like to talk?’ (Sinclair, 1999) – this article tries to contribute to the general topic of public intervention in the media scope. In this sense, what kind of motivations led citizens to participate and interact with media institutions? What kind of troubling issues have been drawn by the scientific literature in this regard? Do real opportunities for participation differ from real audience participation? Thus, in an empirical framework, we analysed the overall social and mental representations of one sample of individuals who have participated in Banda Ampla, a public opinion programme broadcast in Barcelona, Spain. This article questioned participants about their personal motivations to participate as well as other generic thoughts on media and participation. Conclusions suggest an important paradox: participants somehow tend to neglect digital possibilities to interact with media, although the majority argue that it is essential for democracy that citizens have their say on current topics within society.
Key words: Participation, citizens, public opinion, TV3, Catalonia, Banda Ampla.