WORLD OF MEDIA-2021. ISSUE №1
World of Media-2021. Journal of Russian Media and Journalism Studies. Issue №1.
The issue was published in 2021 by the Faculty of Journalism, Lomonosov Moscow State University.
The paper approaches digital divide as a complex multi-dimensional and multi-level problem, not being limited to the Internet access only. We argue that regardless of some universal trends previously identified by scholars, every country retains its national specifics in ICT access, skills and benefits people can get from using ICTs. In this vein, we theorize Russian model of the digital divide, approaching it through three main angles: state regulation of digitalization processes in Russia on federal and regional levels; different modes of the digital technology use in a cross-regional comparative perspective; and specific mechanisms for the analysis and further overcoming digital divide in Russia. For the latter point, we propose a ‘digital passport’ of the Russian regions that allows for better understanding of the digitalization progress in particular regions of the country and for more efficient policy-making on site. Lastly, we test a ‘digital passport’ model on eight federal subjects of Russia to show its applicability of the study of the digital divide in different regional contexts.
Key words: Digital divide, digital passport, Russia, media, ICTs, digital literacy, regulation
Gureeva, A., Dunas, D., Muronets, O. (2021) Government and youth communications in social media: Theoretical basics and Russian practice // World of Media. Journal of Russian Media and Journalism Studies, 1: 42-63.
Today’s media audience, especially young audience, is often described as apolitical, and their activity in social media on various social and cultural issues is not regarded as political activism. However, the content and forms of political participation have by now undergone a substantial transformation. This paper studies the issue of sociocultural determinacy of modern political activism using Russia’s youth as an example, its focus on social change in everyday life, and the practices for interaction between the government and young people in modern Russia. The paper contains the findings of a study of official accounts of Russian government institutions and a survey among young Russian journalism students on their social and political media activism and their interest in communicating with the government through social media.
Key words: Media activism, mediatization, political communication, young people, social media, social networks
Simons, G., Muhin, M., Oleshko, V., Sumskaya, A. (2021) The concept of interdisciplinary research on intergenerational transmission of communicative and cultural memory // World of Media. Journal of Russian Media and Journalism Studies, 1: 64-91.
In this paper, the concept of studying the specifics of digital communication between the older (analogue) and younger (digital) generations in Russia is proposed. The process of communication opens up the possibility of a perception of communicative and cultural memory by the digital generation, which is in the process of socialization and awareness of cultural identity. We suggest methodological development and the testing of research methods into the transformation of communicative and cultural memory and ways of its transmission from the analogue to the digital generation of Russians. The proposed scientific and practical concept assumes the development of three basic directions. The first is related to the study of the general process of transformation of syncretic communicative and cultural memory in the digital environment. The second involves the study and modelling of media texts. Addressing the strategies of organizing multimedia narration and linguistic and statistical peculiarities of big data makes it possible to identify the language and conceptual markers of communicative and cultural memory in the texts of two different generations. Finally, the third one is related to the identification of the specifics of media consumption by generations, which implies the actualization of the transformation of journalistic competencies to work in the modern digital environment. These directions are developed using several approaches and methods: social-communication, cognitive, structural-semiotic, sociocultural, and linguistic. Such an interdisciplinary approach is necessary for the comprehensive study of intergenerational transmission of communicative and cultural memory.
Key words: Communicative memory, cultural memory, digitalization, analogue generation, digital generation, intergenerational transmission, social media